The Annual Plan for the year 2012-13 for the state of Jharkhand was finalised here today at a meeting between Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Mr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia and Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Mr. Arjun Munda. The plan size has been agreed at Rs 16300 crore.
In his comments on the plan performance of the State, Mr Ahluwalia said the State has been performing well and achievements are at expected levels. He said the focus during the 12th plan should on catching up with the rest of country in human development indices while continuing efforts to create investment friendly environment. He said road transport and health care needs special attention. Focus should also be on reducing gender gap in literacy and improving quality of education.
Mr Ahluwalia said that the Commission was nearing finalization of the 12th plan which will focus on providing greater flexibility to the States in implementation of centrally sponsored schemes. He said the Commission would like to go into the causes of delays in getting clearances of development projects and thus requested the State Government to send a note on its irrigation and agriculture projects which are not taking off because of delay on getting environment and forest clearances.
Planning commission however noted with satisfaction that the total literacy rate in Jharkhand has improved from 54.13% in 2001 to 67.63% in 2011. But it is still lower than the all India Literacy Rate of 74.04% in 2011. As per census 2001 the gender gap in literacy was 28.4%. In 2008 this gap was reduced to 27.31% (As per NSS data). The male literacy is increasing at the rate of 1.02% and the female literacy at the rate of 1.04%. State Government was congratulated specially for achieving highest growth rate in agriculture during 11th plan period.
The overall GSDP growth rate of Jharkhand reached at the peak level of 20.5% in 2007-08 which turned negative at -1.7% in 2008-09 and subsequently improved to 5.0% and 6.0% respectively in 2009-10 and 2010-11. The growth of agriculture sector was 5.6% in 2007-08 and which significantly improved to 16% in 2008-09 but again came down to 1.8% in 2009-10. The growth rate of agriculture sector however improved to 7.7% in 2010-11. Similarly the growth rate of industry sector was very high at 44.7% in 2007-08 which suddenly dipped to -2.4% in 2008-09 and also remained at low level of 0.8% in 2009-10 and -0.1% in 2010-11. The growth of service sector has been good compared to the Primary and Secondary sectors. The growth rate of the services sector was 12.3%, 8.8%, 9.7% and 9.9% respectively in 2007-08, 2008-09, 2009-10 and 2010-11.
The Per Capita income of Jharkhand at 1999-2000 (constant) prices increased from Rs.15303 in 2007-08 to Rs.16294 in 2008-09 but was still lower than the all India per capita income of Rs.25494 in 2008-09. It registered an increase of 20.48% by reaching at Rs.20, 996 in 2007-08 over the previous year. It however came down to Rs.19, 867 in 2008-09 registering thereby a decline of 5.38% over the previous year. The Per Capita Net State Domestic Product of Jharkhand was Rs.22, 902 in 2011-12 compared to Rs.38, 005 All India Per Capita NDP.
Briefing the Commission on the plan performance of the State and also on strategy for the 12th plan, Mr Munda said the focus of development would be on making benefits reach deprived section of the society. With this objective, emphasis would be on infrastructure development with private participation and added efforts on reducing gaps in health care and education. He said centre should help the State Government in overcoming infrastructure deficits and high cost of law and order maintenance. He said despite efforts around 35 lakh families are still below poverty. He said panchayati Raj Institutions have been revived and empowered.
He said the State would pursue an ambitious plan of 10 per cent growth in the 12th plan in order to double per capita income by 2016-17. Agriculture growth would be targeted at 6.5 % while industrial growth would be 12.5%. The State would aim at creating 2.12 million additional jobs.