Eating this fruit on empty stomach could kill you

Eating this fruit on empty stomach could kill youlychee, lychee deaths, muzaffarpur deaths litchi, lychee mystery deaths, litchi advantages and disadvantages, muzaffarpur death research, lychee benefits, death reasons by eating litchi, indian express, indian express news

When a harmless fruit turns into a deadly killer.

Be wary before eating unripe lychees! (Source: Thinkstock Images)

The curious case of mysterious deaths in Muzaffarpur left most of the epidemic researchers and doctors puzzled. The number of the deceased seemed to be growing at a fast pace with no valid rhyme or reason.

Over the past three years, when summer was at its peak in mid-May, there were many instances of children waking up with convulsions, high fever and loud cries. Not just kids, young and healthy individuals used to complain of sudden seizures and inexplicably slip into a coma. As strange as it sounds, the problem would automatically stop from July onwards, with the onset of monsoon.

Some attributed it to heat stroke, others credited it to pest infections and pesticide poisoning. But, no one could solve the bizarre outbreak in India. Leaving no fixed pattern, it would strike any random child without showing any visible trace of symptom in his siblings or playmates.

Struggling to search for an explanation, Dr Rajesh Yadav, an investigator with the India Epidemic Intelligence Service, moved to the city of Muzaffarpur and closely observed the cycle of events for three long years. The reason has finally been unearthed, and it’s shocking.

On Tuesday, a joint investigation published by India’s National Center for Disease Control and the India office of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta published a report identifying the cause of this phenomenon. Turns out, the otherwise harmless fruit, lychee, when consumed on an empty stomach by malnourished children leads to death.

In 2015, when health officials instructed parents to feed a healthy evening meal to their children instead of the fruit, the number of deaths subsequently dropped down to almost 50 per cent.

Here’s how they decoded the mystery deaths

Lack of white blood cells: The subjects used to suffer from an acute brain swelling also known as encephalopathy. Over many years of research, clinicians realised that many sick children did not have fever. An analysis of their spinal fluid showed that they didn’t have an elevated count of white blood cells, implying that their body was fighting infection.

Low blood sugar levels: Some children had extremely low levels of glucose, which meant they were twice as likely to die.

Ackee fruit connection: A conference call with colleagues in Atlanta led the researchers to be aware of a “Jamaican vomiting sickness”, which had similar symptoms like convulsions, mental illness and brain swelling. There was a certain link to it as east Muzaffarpur produces almost 70 per cent of India’s lychee harvest, and the fruit – akin to ackee – also has high levels of hypoglycin, and a similar toxin known as methylenecyclopropyl glycine, or MCPG. Children often used to eat the unripe lychees lying on the ground. Since everyone in the region ate lychees, no one previously connected the fruit with the illness or deaths.

Metabolic imbalance: A test to find out hypoglycin in urine revealed alarming levels in the affected kids.

The mystery was solved!

Based on these findings, families were asked to make sure the children had healthy meals and were made to reduce the consumption of lychees, specifically keeping away from unripe ones.

The takeaway for the rest of the world from this? Be wary before eating unripe lychees on an empty stomach!

 

एक शादीशुदा आदमी से पूछा गया सवाल
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“यदि आपकी सास और आप की पत्नी…
एक साथ बाघ के पिंजरे में गिर. जाएं…
तो आप किसे बचाएंगे…??”
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वो आदमी जोर से हंसा…😂
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हंसते-हंसते लोटपोट हो गया और बोला…😂😂😂😂😂😂
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“यह भी कोई पुछने की बात है…??😂
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मैं यकीनन बाघ को बचाऊँगा…😊
आखिर दुनिया में बाघ बचे ही कितने हैं…”!!!😁😜

Meghalaya BJP assures direct funding to tribal villages

SHILLONG, Dec 4 – BJP in Meghalaya on Friday assured direct funding to tribal villages in the State in the event of the party winning the by-elections in the two tribal autonomous district councils scheduled for December 13.

The BJP is contesting in all six council constituencies in the Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council and one in the Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council.

“The party shall make serious efforts for the establishment of State Finance Commission which shall recommend measures about adequate funding to the villages with the participation of the ‘Dorbar Shnongs’ under the supervisions of the district councils,” State party president Shibun Lyngdoh said while launching the manifesto of the party at its office here.meghalya-valley

“We in Meghalaya have suffered a loss of hundreds of crores of rupees due to the lack of direct funding,” he said.

Slamming the ruling Congress, Lyngdoh said the party which had been in power at the Centre, the State and the district councils for so long, ‘have so far failed to provide constitutional recognition to the village councils resulting in these bodies becoming powerless’.

The by-poll was necessitated following the State Government passing an act last year prohibiting elected legislators from holding another elected post in the tribal councils. – Courtesy:PTI

 

Adivasis stage rail blockade for ST status

KOKRAJHAR, Dec 5 – Train service of the Northeastern Frontier Railway (NFR) via Fakiragram junction of Kokrajhar district was disrupted this morning for nearly five hours, including Rajdhani Express train, following a rail blockade at Kokrajhar Railway Station by the Adivasi National Convention Committee (ANCC).

ANCC, a conglomeration organisation of the ceasefire militant outfits, and other Adivasi organisations observed the blockade programme today demanding early granting of Scheduled Tribe (ST) status to the communities, implementation of Traditional Forest Dwellers Act, permanent allotment of land and land pattas to the tea garden workers in Assam and settlement of the demands of the ceasefire militant outfits of the Adivasi communities through political negotiation.

Hundreds of Adivasi people from various districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Dhubri, Bongaigaon etc., thronged the rail track with banners, festoons and placards to blockade which began from 6 am and shouted slogans for the fulfilment of their demands at the earliest.assam-rail-rocko-photo

 

ANCC president Boyal Hembrom, secretary Birsing Munda, AKSSA president Kamaleswar Toppo, among others, also joined the blockade programme.

The leaders have also alleged that both State and Central governments have been politicising over the issues of the Adavasi for a long time.

The blockade was later lifted at around 11.30 am after district administration headed by Kokrajhar Deputy Commissioner Bibakananda Choudhury assured them to arrange talks with the ANCC leaders to discuss their demands.

Several express trains were controlled at different railway stations in lower Assam and in North Bengal during the blockade period.Courtesy-TheAssamTribunal.

 

Key govt panels to now have BJP picks

Subodh Ghildiyal

  • After two and a half years, BJP will make appointments to key statutory         commissions
  • Commissions on SCs, STs & Backward Classes were earlier headed by UPA nominees.

NEW DELHI: After a two and half year wait since winning a big majority in the Lok Sabha, BJP is poised to make appointments to key statutory commissions that were helmed by UPA nominees.

National commissions for scheduled castes, backward classes and scheduled tribes have bid adieu to chairpersons whose terms expired recently. The heads of the panels — P L Punia, V Eswaraiah, Rameshwar Oraon — were appointed by the previous UPA government. While Punia is a Congress MP in the Rajya Sabha, Oraon is a former Lok Sabha member.

Besides these three panels, the chairmanship of the National Commission for Minorities will also change hands in early March 2017.

The end of these tenures comes as a relief for the saffron establishment which had to put up with UPA nominees during testing episodes such as the suicide of Dalit student Rohith Vemula or the whipping of four Dalits by cow vigilantes in Gujarat.

Dealing with the sensitive mandate of welfare of Dalits, tribals and OBCs, the panels can be a source of discomfort for the establishment with their differing views. Governments can see political viewpoints in the way the commissions act but the panels are intended to be watchdogs and represent interests of specific communities.

For all its frustration, the Centre has had to bide its time though going with the usual trend of appointments by various governments, BJP too may plump for “loyalists” rather than appoint neutral experts to these positions.

With its handpicked nominees in the saddle, BJP would feel its flanks covered during controversies related to Dalit atrocities, or even on recommendations relating to OBC issues, such as inclusion for reservations.

The Modi government had on many occasions seen Punia and Eswaraiah as provocative or diverging from the stated objectives of the government, but chose not to touch them.

As BJP officials acknowledged from time to time, there was anger against Punia right from the start of the Modi regime as the former IAS officerturned-politician was also a spokesperson for Congress and was routinely on television, criticizing the Centre.

His “activism” as the NCSC chief during controversies like the suicide of Rohith Vemula or burning of a Dalit family in Faridabad or flogging of Dalits in Gujarat, rattled the ruling camp and BJP spokespersons repeatedly accused him of “partisanship”.

However, all through, the government — which sacked UPA’s governors without much thought — chose to bear Punia, apprehending that sacking the chief of a commission with constitutional status could invite legal trouble.

There is a precedent here. Even at the peak of its “detoxification drive” after Manmohan Singh assumed office as PM in 2004, Congress had let BJP’s Suraj Bhan complete around two and a half years of his remaining term.:Courtesy:TimesofIndia.

Act changes spur bike stir

Ranchi, Dec. 4: Tribals will take out a motorcycle rally from Ulihatu in Khunti to Bhognadih in Sahebganj between December 12 and 22 to protest the recent amendments in Chotanagpur Tenancy (CNT) and Santhal Pargana Tenancy (SPT) Acts.

Ulihatu and Bhognadih are revered as birthplaces of tribal icons Birsa Munda and Sido and Kanhu Murmu.

Organised by Adivasi Sengel Abhiyan, a Jamshedpur-based tribal outfit, Jharkhandi Satyagrah Motorcycle Rallywill cover over 400km. While Abhiyan members along with Jharkhand Disom Party (JDP) supporters will start from Chaibasa (West Singhbhum) on December 11, they will officially kick off the drive from Ulihatu in Khunti on December 12. The rally will cover Ranchi, Hazaribagh, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Giridih, Godda and finally reach Sahebganj’s Bhognadih.

Opposition and tribal groups are up in arms against changes in tenancy Acts, fearing they would dilute tribal rights to land. The changes prescribe use of farmland for non-agriculture activities.

“Around 100 tribals will take part in the rally. We will raise awareness among people on how changes in CNT and SPT Acts, passed during the winter session of the Assembly, will be detrimental to them. Bandhs and other forms of protests have not yielded much result,” JDP’s central vice-president Sonaram Soren said over phone from Jamshedpur.

JDP supremo Salkhan Murmu, a former MP from Mayurbhanj (Odisha), said drastic steps were needed. “We appeal to all tribal MLAs to rise above their respective party lines and together protest the move of the Raghubar Das government. MLAs can tender mass resignation and create a constitutional crisis-like situation. All JMM MLAs may resign from Vidhan Sabha membership,” Murmu said.

Alleging that the Opposition was now “fighting only for the sake of it”, he stressed on a concerted protest to force the government to roll back amendments. “The shadow fight between the government and Opposition won’t yield anything. It will be mere politics and tribals will be cheated again,” he said.

The Abhiyan and JDP also have reservations against the domicile policy drafted by the Raghubar government in April. District-level posts would be reserved for local natives (adivasis and moolvasis) of districts only for the next 10 years, they have pointed out.

The JMM, meanwhile, has called its central executive meeting on December 7 at party president Shibu Soren’s Morabadi residence to work out a protest roadmap on the issue.Courtesy:TheTelegraph.

Rights outfits term AOB encounter ‘fake’

 

VIJAYAWADA: Members of the Andhra Pradesh and Telangana Civil Liberties Committees have alleged that the gunning down of 23 Maoists and nine Adivasis by the police at Ramgarh village in the cut-off area of the Andhra-Odisha Border on October 24 was a fake encounter.

They also termed as fake the recent encounters in Kerala, Odisha and other States, and demanded that the government order a probe by a Supreme Court Judge into these encounters and book policemen involved in them under Section 302 of the IPC.

The APCLC, in association with Jana Natya Mandali, CPI (M), CPI-ML, Chaitanya Mahila Sangham, Amaraveerula Bandhu Mitrula Committee, Viplava Rachayitala Sangham (Virasam), CPI (ML-New Democracy) and other organisations, on Saturday arranged a meeting at the CPI (M) office and condemned the encounters.

Jana Natya Mandali members sang songs criticising the “cruel” acts of the police against the tribals in the forests, and blamed the State governments for not following the directions of the Supreme Court and High Court, and the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

Amaraveerula Bandhu Mitrula Committee leaders alleged that the Andhra and Odisha police violated human rights and disfigured the bodies of Maoists and tribals.

APCLC leader Chiluka Chandrashekar presented the observations of the fact-finding committee on the AOB encounter.

Former Rajya Sabha member P. Madhu, former MLC Jalli Wilson, and APCLC AP and Telangana convenor N. Seshaiah spoke. Committee State president V. Chitti Babu presided over the programme.

The organisers said that the fact-finding committee, which visited Bejjanki forests in Odisha (where the alleged encounter took place), raised many doubts and reached the conclusion that the encounter was fake.Courtesy:TheHindu.